Supplementary Lecture Notes: Review

        © 2013-18 Imants Barušs


The following are a couple of review quizzes. I have posted the answers below the quizes.

    Important numbers in first three chapters

1. What was the hit rate in the Ganzfeld studies overall? For static targets? Dynamic targets?
2. What percentage of respondents to a survey by Barušs & Moore agreed that “introspection is a necessary element in the investigation of consciousness?”
3. According to Klinger’s definition of daydreams, what percentage of our thoughts would be classified as daydreams?
4. What was the percentage of people abstinent after 19 months when chamber REST was added to hypnotherapy and counselling sessions for the treatment of smoking cessation?
5. Definition of stage 3 sleep.
6. Percentage of people in Aserinsky’s study reporting dreams when awakened from REM sleep.


7. Who edited Altered States of Consciousness?
8. Who wrote The Principles of Psychology?
9. Who committed somnambulistic homicide?
10. Who was the participant in studies of precognitive dreaming at the Maimonides Medical Center?
11. Who found the hidden observer?
12. Who thought she was Shiva?
13. Who took 915μg of LSD without showing any signs of intoxication?
14. Who became enlightened on his way back from the moon?
15. Who composed the music heard during the Scole experiment?

     Answers to Quiz

1. 32%; 27%; 37% (p. 14)
2. 93% (p. 18)
3. 50% (p. 37; daydreams are thoughts that are spontaneous or at least partially fanciful)
4. 47% (p. 46)
5. Delta waves slower than 2 cps of at least 75 μV occupy 20% to 50% of the sleep record. (p. 55)
6. 74% (p. 59)
7. Charles Tart (p. 7)
8. William James (p. 31)
9. Kenneth Parks (p. 77)
10. Malcolm Bessent (p. 104)
11. Ernest Hilgard (p. 123)
12. Sumitra (p. 142)
13. Neem Karoli Baba (p. 166)
14. Edgar Mitchell (p. 190)
15. Sergei Rachmaninoff (p. 230; Piano Concerto No. 2 (Op. 18, 1900–01))