Supplementary Lecture Notes: Chapter 6: Trance

        й 2013-18 Imants BaruЪs

    Note about these "Supplementary Lecture Notes"

Please note that these "Supplementary Lecture Notes" consist of an Outline and a summary of some of the material covered in class that is not in the textbook. The textbook is actually the "lecture notes" (that got published). So, except for the outlines, which are usually just a list of the sections from each chapter in the book, these supplementary lecture notes cover only supplementary material that is not in the textbook.


    shamanism vs. schizophrenia
    shamanism vs. hypnosis
    shamanic world view

Channelling & mediumship
    alternate personalities
    trauma as etiological factor
    dynamics of alternate personalities
    DID and possession
Alien abduction experiences
    comparison with shamanism
    creating alien abduction experiences

Accuracy of Mediumship

Julie Beischel and colleagues found that a statistically significant 38 of 58 sitters, or about 66%, chose the transcript intended for them rather than the control transcript (Beischel, Boccuzzi, Biuso, & Rock, 2015). In a separate study, a statistically significant 13 of 16 transcripts (81%) chosen by sitters were the transcripts intended for those sitters (Beischel & Schwartz, 2007).

Government Investigation of UFOs

During the 2018 Society for Scientific Exploration Conference, Hal Purhoff revealed that there had been a recent US defense program concerned with the investigation of UFOs. You can see the abstract for the talk if you click on the following web site and scroll down and click on Hal Puthoff's "Abstract & Bio"

False Memories of Alien Abduction Experiences

In a study that he conducted to determine the causes of alien abduction experiences, Richard McNally and his students examined ten people who claimed to have had alien abduction experiences. On the basis of this sample, he concluded that alien abduction experiences are false memories that occur when five ingredients are present: 1. new-age ideas and magical ideation; 2. sleep paralysis with hypnopompic hallucinations; 3. hypnotic memory "recovery" creating false memories; 4. high scores on the personality trait of absorption; 5. familiarity with the alien narrative.


Beischel, J., Boccuzzi, M., Biuso, M., & Rock, A. J. (2015). Anomalous information reception by research mediums under blinded conditions II: Replication and extension. EXPLORE: The Journal of Science & Healing, 11(2), 136-142. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2015.01.001
Beischel, J., & Schwartz, G. E. (2007). Anomalous information reception by research mediums demonstrated using a novel triple-blind protocol. Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, 3(1), 23-27.
Jacobs, D. M. (Ed.). UFOs and abductions: Challenging the borders of knowledge. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. [listed under Hopkins in the references for the book]
McNally, R. J. (2012). Explaining "memories" of space alien abduction and past lives: An experimental psychopathology approach. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(1), 2-16.
Pritchard, A., Pritchard, D. E., Mack, J. E., Kasey, P. & Yapp, C. (Eds.). Alien discussions: Proceedings of the abduction study conference held at MIT, Cambridge, MA. Cambridge, MA: North Cambridge. [listed under Mack in the references for the book]